ISTA 6 Amazon.com-SIOC Type B

Amazon Type B is for parcel delivery of individual packaged products that are between 50 pounds (23 kg) and 100 pounds (45 kg) and have a girth equal to or less than 165 inches (4.19 m). The standard handling shipping method is used for these products. The standard handling method, also referenced as floor loaded, is for individual packaged-products that are received at an Amazon.com Fulfillment Center with no pallet or with multiple packaged products on a single pallet and are intended to ship to the end consumer without a pallet. Type B products qualify for Amazon SIOC status and are tested based on the ISTA 6 SIOC Type B test sequence outlined in the chart below.

The purpose of Type B testing is to evaluate the protective performance of packaging for goods. The package will undergo testing related to vibrations, shocks, and other stresses that packages normally encounter throughout transportation to the customer. During testing, the product will be inside the package and they are considered together. Not all shipping conditions can be tested with Type B alone. For example, this does not test for any irregular handling.

Amazon has created a list of common failures encountered during testing. They are as follows:

    • Problem 1. Protruding Tuck Flap- end flaps only secured with tamper evident stickers or partial tape
    • Problem 2.  Protruding tuck flap/tab (may be from back side or top of box)
    • Problem 3. Non-taped “123” or “Auto” bottom boxes
    • Problem 4. Protruding hang tab/feature (the center or top of box)
    • Problem 5. Protruding handle feature
    • Problem 6. Box Deforms- packaging can or will deflect/deform/get damaged due to insufficient packaging materials
    • Problem 7. Carton rupture/ puncture/tear- packaging is damaged partially or fully exposing the product
    • Problem 8. Cut outs/exposed product- packaging has partially or fully exposed product (plastic boxes and coverings are unacceptable)
    • Problem 9. Not in a six-sided box

See Test Type C for the suggested solutions to these problems.

The Basics of Amazon Type B Testing:

Testing Timeline

Request a quote from Keystone’s package testing engineers. Keystone will review your request and the current standards to provide an accurate quote. Once the quote is approved, Keystone technicians will be in contact to ensure that samples remain compliant throughout the process. See How to Submit a Sample for specific instructions. The product will undergo testing in accordance with the Testing Type requirements. After testing is completed, the vendor will receive an Amazon standard lab report that is to be submitted to Amazon for certification.

Pass/Fail Guidelines

This is a pass/fail test. Pass/fail standards will be determined prior to testing by the shipper, manufacturer, Amazon.com, and other stakeholders. They must determine the following:

  1. What constitutes damage to the product
  2. What damage tolerance level, if any, is allowable
  3. The correct methodology to determine product condition at the end of testing
  4. The acceptable package condition at the end of testing

Recertification is Required When:

  • There are any changes to packaging
  • There are changes to product design
  • Amazon observes damage during shipment to the customer

Keystone Package Testing provides vendors with the testing to certify their products to receive the benefits of Amazon’s SIOC status. With significant package testing knowledge, globally-recognized accreditation, short lead times and affordable prices, Keystone Package Testing is the best Amazon transit testing lab partner.

Request a quote here or contact us at (724) 698-2994.

Type B – Parcel Delivery of Individual Packaged-Products 50 lb (23 kg) to Less Than 100 lb (43 kg)

Sequence NumberTest CategoryTest TypeTest LevelRemarks
1Atmospheric Preconditioning
TEST BLOCK 1
Temperature and HumidityLab ambient, 12 hoursRequired
2Atmospheric Conditioning
TEST BLOCK 1
Controlled Temperature and HumidityTemperature and humidity chosen from tableOptional
3Shock
TEST BLOCK 2
Free-Fall Drop9 Drops – height varies with packaged-product weightRequired
4Shock
TEST BLOCK 3
Tip/Tip OverUse a 22 degree tip angleRequired for packages ≥48 in. (1.2 m)  tall and  any one base dimension < ½ the height; or for packages ≥ 30 in. (760 mm) tall and with a center of gravity vertical location > ½ the package height
5Compression, Vertical
TEST BLOCK 9
Test in the intended shipping orientation or most stable orientationCalculated from formula, Maintain force for 1 hourRequired, Machine, or weights & load spreader
6Compression, Horizontal
TEST BLOCK 10
Clamping SimulationCalculated from formula, Clamp in multiple orientations as directedRequired For any of the 2 axes with a width dimension ≥ 24 in (610mm) and < 75 in (1905 mm)
7Vibration
TEST BLOCK 12
Random With and Without Top LoadOverall Grms levels of 0.53 and 0.46Required
8Shock
TEST BLOCK 15
Free-Fall Drop8 Drops – height varies with packaged-product weight. Includes drop on hazardRequired
9Shock
TEST BLOCK 21
Rotational Edge Drop9 in (230 mm)Required for Elongated and Flat Packages
10Shock
TEST BLOCK 22
Full Rotational Flat DropVaries with packaged-product dimensionsRequired for Elongated and Flat Packages
11Shock
TEST BLOCK 23
Bridge ImpactHazard Box dropped 16 in (400 mm)Required for Elongated Packages Only
12Shock
TEST BLOCK 24
Concentrated Edge ImpactHazard Box dropped 16 in (400 mm)Required for Flat Packages Only
13Integrity
TEST BLOCK 25
Leak Test8 hoursRequired for Liquids ONLY

You are still reading? Don’t drop the ball. Let Keystone drop your package so that you can receive the benefits of Amazon SIOC certification! Get a quote to get started.