ISTA 6 Type D

Amazon Type D is for less than truckload (LTL) of individually-packaged products that are less than 100 pounds (45 kg) or have a girth greater than 165 inches (4.19 m The standard handling shipping method is used for these products. The standard handling method, also referenced as floor loaded, is for individual packaged-products that are received at an Fulfillment Center with no pallet or with multiple packaged products on a single pallet and are intended to ship to the end consumer without a pallet. Type D products qualify for Amazon SIOC status and are tested based on the ISTA 6 SIOC Type D test sequence outlined in the chart below.

The purpose of Type D testing is to evaluate the protective performance of packaging for goods. The package will undergo testing related to conditions that are normally encountered throughout transportation to the end consumer. During testing, the product and package are together, considered one unit and tested accordingly. Not all shipping conditions can be tested with Type D alone. For example, this does not test for any irregular handling.

Type D testing is specific to Less-Than-Truckload, or less than load, (LTL) delivery for standard packaged-products. Both elongated and flat packaged-products are included in this category. All packages that qualify for this test type are not palletized or skidded.

Amazon has specific requirements for the package to be eligible for certifications. The requirements are as follows:

Package Construction- the package must be a rigid six-sided rectangular box. The package must be able to pass the ISTA test method as it simulates single parcel delivery or Less-than-Truckload (LTL) shipping methods. Padded mailers and rigid envelopes can be used but six-sided boxes are the preferred packaging. Polybags, protrusions, windows, and cut-outs are not permitted. Any access holes must be smaller than 3” x 1.5” x 1.5”.

Package Sealing-  All open edges of the package must be sealed in such a way that it will remain in tact throughout the entire shipping process. Staples are not permitted as a sealing method but can be used on the manufacturer glue joint. Any locking tabs must be sealed with tape or glue. Oversized products may use straps or bands provided they are not metal, and add to the structural integrity of the package for the outer shipper. Straps and bands must be fitted tightly around the product. Straps and bands are not permitted to bind together multiple packages.

Package Printing and Identification Labeling- Package labels and markings must clearly identify the contents of the package and any special handling instructions.

Product-to-Packaging Ratio- Amazon defines “Product” as the total cubic volume of the primary product and the pieces included that are necessary for the product to function. Product-to-Package ratio is calculated as: volume of the product / total volume of the package to produce a percentage that is box utilization score.

The Basics of Amazon Type D Testing:

Testing Timeline

Request a quote from Keystone’s package testing engineers. Keystone will review your request and the current standards to provide an accurate quote. Once the quote is approved, Keystone technicians will be in contact to ensure that samples remain compliant throughout the process. See How to Submit a Sample for specific instructions. The product will undergo testing in accordance with the Testing Type requirements. After testing is completed, the vendor will receive an Amazon standard lab report that is to be submitted to Amazon for certification.

Pass/Fail Guidelines

This is a pass/fail test. Pass/fail standards will be determined prior to testing by the shipper, manufacturer,, and other stakeholders. They must determine the following:

    1. What constitutes damage to the product
    2. What damage tolerance level, if any, is allowable
    3. The correct methodology to determine product condition at the end of testing
    4. The acceptable package condition at the end of testing

Recertification is Required When:

    • There are any changes to packaging
    • There are changes to product design
    • Amazon observes damage during shipment to the customer

Keystone Package Testing provides vendors with the testing to certify their products to receive the benefits of Amazon’s SIOC status. With significant package testing knowledge, globally-recognized accreditation, short lead times and affordable prices, Keystone Package Testing is the best Amazon transit testing lab partner.

Request a quote here or contact us at (724) 698-2994.

Type D – LTL Delivery of Individual Packaged-Products Less Than 100 lb (43 kg)

Sequence NumberTest CategoryTest TypeTest LevelRemarks
1Atmospheric Preconditioning
Temperature and HumidityLab ambient, 12 hoursRequired
2Atmospheric Conditioning
Controlled Temperature and HumidityTemperature and humidity chosen from tableOptional
Tip/Tip OverUse a 22 degree tip angleRequired for packages ≥48 in. (1.2 m) tall and  any one base dimension < ½ the height;   or for packages ≥ 30 in. (760 mm)  tall and with a center of gravity vertical location > ½ the package height
Free-Fall Drop6 drops – 18 in (460 mm) maxRequired
5Compression, Vertical
Test in the intended shipping orientation  or most stable orientationCalculated from formula, Maintain force for 1 hourRequired, Machine, or weights and load spreader
6Compression, Horizontal
Clamping SimulationCalculated from formula, Clamp in multiple
orientations as directed
Required For any of the 2 axes with a width dimension ≥ 24 in (610mm) and < 75 in (1905 mm)
7Vertical Vibration
Random With Top
Overall Grms level of 0.54Required
Free-Fall Drop6 drops – 32 in (810 mm) maxRequired
Full Rotational Flat DropVaries with packaged-product dimensionsRequired for Elongated and Flat Packages
Bridge ImpactHazard Box dropped 16 in (400 mm)Required for Elongated Packages Only
Concentrated Edge ImpactHazard Box dropped 16 in (400 mm)Required for Flat Packages Only

You are still reading? Don’t drop the ball. Let Keystone drop your package so that you can receive the benefits of Amazon SIOC certification! Get a quote to get started.